From the research lab: Violence and Veneration: Reverberations of Chicago's – Modernist Turn / online lecture by Prof. Martin Klaeschen
In 1938, after the Bauhaus school had been closed by the Nazis, the school’s last director Ludwig Mies van der Rohe left Germany and emigrated to Chicago. Along with Ludwig Hilberseimer, Walter Peterhans, and Laszlo Moholy Nagy, he devised a master plan for the Illinois Institute of Technology, dubbed “the new Bauhaus.” The realization of this plan to found the campus, build Mies van der Rohe’s groundbreaking lake shore drive skyscrapers, and establish the design school have turned Chicago into a bustling metropolitan and a Modernist mecca in the US. Today, Chicago’s architectural heritage is celebrated all over the world, but at the same time, the city has to face the other effects of this heritage on urban society, such as particularly high murder rates. The lecture will uncover the connections between Modernist development and the social urban status quo in Chicago and discuss their influence on the future of the city.
Martin Klaeschen is a professor of sustainable architecture and urban development at the College of Architecture of the Illinois Institute of Technology, founder of the architecture firm HouseHaus.